Dyslalia is a communication disorder characterized by difficulties in the articulation or pronunciation of one or more phonemes (sounds), without any anatomical malformation. In this case, we would speak of dysglosia; or a brain lesion called dysarthria.

Understanding dyslalia

In this disorder, various types of errors appear:

  • Substitutions: I went to the cinema on SatuRay (substitution of the sound /d/ for /r/).
  • Omissions: (omission/s/reverse and /r/ initial multiple vibrating).
  • Assimilations:(assimilation of sound /l/).
  • Insertions: (insertion of vowel in sound/gl/).
  • Simplifications: (simplification of the /pl/ sound).
  • Distortions:(distortion of the sound /s/).

These are just a few examples of errors that can be observed, but there are much more complicated combinations.

When there are disorders in the pronunciation of many sounds, understanding the child’s language becomes very complicated.

Dyslalias range from phoneme impairment, which will be easier to rehabilitate, to what we call multiple dyslalias which affect most sounds, so treatment will be based on “putting” each phoneme where it belongs, i.e. teaching and helping the child to separate and differentiate each sound properly.

There are various causes for the appearance of this process. Dyslalias can be evolutionary in nature and disappear over time or they can be due to :

  • Poor auditory discrimination.
  • Difficulties in controlling tongue movements.
  • An incorrect point of articulation.
  • Poor ability to imitate.
  • Persistence of child articulation.
  • Poor language stimulation.

An early diagnosisand a speech therapy re-education focused on this difficulty are the keys to obtaining satisfactory results and providing the child with an adequate and functional language to allow him/her to communicate without difficulties.

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